J Neuroimmunol 2002 Sep;130(1-2):66
Stosic-Grujicic S, Savic-Radojevic A, Maksimovic-Ivanic D, Markovic M, Bumbasirevic V, Ramic Z, Mostarica-Stojkovic M.
Institute for Biological Research "Sinisa Stankovic", 29 Novembra 142, 11000, Belgrade, Yugoslavia
The immunomodulatory potential of tiazofurin (TR) on experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) was investigated.
Given continuously, TR dose-dependently suppressed the development of EAE in Dark Agouti (DA) rats immunized with either rat spinal cord homogenate (SCH) or myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG).
Amelioration of clinical signs was also obtained when the drug was administered during the inductive phase only (day 0 to 8), or during the effector phase (day 10 to 20) of the disease.
Efficacy of TR was further evaluated by adoptive transfer of the disease with myelin basic protein (MBP)-sensitized draining lymph node cells (DLNC).
Cells from TR-protected rats failed to transfer the disease into naive syngeneic recipients; in addition, TR treatment of recipient rats that had received MBP-sensitized lymphoid cells diminished the adoptively transferred EAE.
A reduction of clinical EAE in TR-treated rats was accompanied with the absence of mononuclear infiltration in the spinal cord and defective adhesive cell-cell interactions.
The anti-MOG autoAb production was also decreased.
Importantly, no evidence for a generalized impairment of the T cell activity, nor decreased in vitro proliferative antigen specific response of LNC from TR-treated animals was found.
These results suggest that TR exerts its EAE protective and suppressive effects by limiting adhesive interactions involved in the autoimmune pathogenic process, and due to the lack of general immunosuppressive activity, it should be considered as a candidate drug for the treatment of neuroinflammatory diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS).