Hum Mol Genet 2002 Sep 15;11(19):2257-2267
Saarela J, Schoenberg Fejzo M, Chen D, Finnila S, Parkkonen M, Kuokkanen S, Sobel E, Tienari PJ, Sumelahti ML, Wikstrom J, Elovaara I, Koivisto K, Pirttila T, Reunanen M, Palotie A, Peltonen L.
Department of Human Genetics, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Department of Molecular Medicine, National Public Health Institute, Finland, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, ColumbiaUniversity, NY, Department of Neurology, University of Helsinki, Neuroscience Programme, Biomedicum-Helsinki, Haartmaninkatu 8, PL700, Helsinki, Finland, School of Public Health, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland, Department of Neurology, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland, Central Hospital of Seinajoki,Seinajoki, Finland, Department of Neurology and Neuroscience, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland, Department of Neurology, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland and. Department of Medical Genetics,University of Helsinki, Finland.
Genome-wide linkage analyses performed in a Finnish study sample have identified four potential predisposing loci for multiple sclerosis (MS).
Here we made an effort to restrict the wide linkage region on chromosome 17 with a dense set of 31 markers using multipoint linkage analyses and monitoring for shared marker alleles in MS chromosomes.
We carried out the linkage analyses in 22 Finnish multiplex MS families originating from a regional subisolate that shows an exceptionally high prevalence of MS in order to minimize the genetic and environmental heterogeneity of the study sample.
Thirty markers on the 23 cM initial interval gave positive pairwise LOD scores.
We monitored for shared haplotypes among affected family members within a family, and identified an approximately 4 cM region flanked by the markers D17S1792 and ATA43A10 in 17 out of the 22 families (77.3%).
The multipoint linkage analyses using Genehunter and SIMWALK 2.40 provided further evidence for the same 4 cM region, for example a maximal multipoint NPL score of 5.98 (P<0.0002).
We observed nominal evidence for association to MS, with one marker flanking the shared region, and this association was replicated in the additional set of families.
Using the combined power of linkage, association and shared haplotype analyses, we were thus able to restrict the MS locus on chromosome 17q from 23 cM to a 4 cM region covering a physical interval of approximately 2.5 Mb.
Thus, this study describes the restriction of an MS locus outside the HLA region into a segment approachable by molecular tools.