J Neuroimmunol 2002 Sep;130(1-2):10
Columba-Cabezas S, Serafini B, Ambrosini E, Sanchez M, Penna G, Adorini L, Aloisi F.
Laboratory of Organ and System Pathophysiology, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161, Rome, Italy
Macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC/CCL22) and its receptor CCR4 have been implicated in chronic inflammatory processes and in the homing of monocytes, Th2 cells and regulatory T-cell subsets.
Here, we demonstrate that MDC and CCR4 mRNAs are expressed in the central nervous system (CNS) of mice developing relapsing-remitting and chronic-relapsing forms of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE).
By immunohistochemistry, we show that MDC is produced by CNS-infiltrating leukocytes and intraparenchymal microglia, whereas CCR4 is expressed on some invading leukocytes.
Upon in vitro activation, mouse microglia express MDC transcripts and secrete bioactive MDC that induces chemotaxis of Th2, but not Th1 cells.
We suggest that MDC produced by microglia could regulate Th1-mediated CNS inflammation by facilitating the homing of Th2 and, possibly, regulatory T cells into the lesion site.