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More MS news articles for November 2003

Identical twins discordant for multiple sclerosis have a shift in their T-cell receptor repertoires

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=14632762&dopt=Abstract

Clin Exp Immunol. 2003 Dec;134(3):532-537
Haegert DG, Galutira D, Murray TJ, O'Connor P, Gadag V.
Department of Pathology, Duff Medical Building, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NF, Dalhousie MS Research Unit, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS and MS Clinic, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, ON, Canada.

CD4 T-cells have an important role in the autoimmune response in multiple sclerosis (MS).

We investigate the possibility that a shift occurs in the T-cell receptor (TR) repertoire of identical twins discordant for MS.

We compare the CDR3 spectratype distributions of 24 different TR V beta (TRBV) segments in naive CD4 T-cells from discordant MS twins and from healthy identical twins.

We also compare the CDR3 spectratype distributions in unrelated healthy pairs, formed by combining members of different healthy twins, with the CDR3 spectratype distributions in unrelated pairs of MS patients and in unrelated pairs of their apparently healthy cotwins, formed by combining members of different discordant twins.

We use the correlation coefficient (r-value) as a measure of similarity of CDR3 spectratypes in each pair, and we test for the significance of the difference between r-values from the different pairs.

We observe that the r-value for the CDR3 spectratype distributions among discordant twins differs significantly from the corresponding r-value for the healthy twins for two TRBV segments.

Further, the r-values, for both the unrelated MS patient pairs and the unrelated pairs of their apparently healthy cotwins, differ significantly from the r-values for healthy unrelated pairs of individuals.

We conclude that both the MS patients and their apparently healthy cotwins have shifts in their CDR3 repertoires.

Because we study naive CD4 T-cells, we postulate that CDR3 repertoire shifts precede MS and predispose to MS, but are unlikely to be sufficient to cause MS.