J Neurol Sci 2002 Dec 15;205(1):47-50
Kikuchi S, Niino M, Fukazawa T, Yabe I, Tashiro K.
Department of Neurology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Kita-15 Nishi-7, Kita-ku, 060-8638, Sapporo, Japan
Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is a cytokine intimately involved with both the function and regulation of the immune system.
Genetic analysis of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) provides strong evidence supporting the candidacy of IL-2 as a susceptibility gene.
We investigated the association of two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at position -384 in the promoter region and +114 in the first exon of the IL-2 gene through a case-control study involving 113 Japanese patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and 118 healthy controls.
Our results showed no significant differences in the distribution of the two polymorphisms between MS patients and controls.
Furthermore, no association was observed between IL-2 gene polymorphisms and clinical characteristics, such as clinical course and age at disease onset.
Together, our findings suggest that IL-2 gene polymorphisms do not influence the susceptibility to MS or the clinical characteristics of MS in Japanese patients.