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More MS news articles for November 2002

Combined pharmacologic and surgical approach to acquired nystagmus due to multiple sclerosis

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=12429265&dopt=Abstract

Am J Ophthalmol 2002 Nov;134(5):780-2
Jain S, Proudlock F, Constantinescu CS, Gottlob I.
Department of Ophthalmology, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester, United Kingdom

PURPOSE:

To describe a combined pharmacological and surgical approach to treating acquired nystagmus in a patient with multiple sclerosis.

DESIGN:

Interventional case report.

METHODS:

A 40-year-old patient with acquired horizontal and vertical nystagmus and severe oscillopsia secondary to multiple sclerosis had combined treatment with gabapentin and a vertical Kestenbaum-type procedure.

RESULTS:

After gabapentin treatment (3,000 mg orally daily) the horizontal nystagmus was significantly reduced, and the patient developed a marked chin-up position. The vertical nystagmus remained unchanged, dampening on downgaze. A recession of both inferior rectus muscles reduced the nystagmus significantly in primary position, the abnormal head position disappeared, and oscillopsia completely resolved. Treatment increased visual acuity from 6/24 in the right eye and 6/60 in the left eye to 6/9 in both eyes.

CONCLUSIONS:

Acquired nystagmus in multiple sclerosis can be significantly improved by using a combined pharmacological and surgical approach.