More MS news articles for Nov 2001

Effects of oncostatin M on human cerebral endothelial cells and expression in inflammatory brain lesions

J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 2001 Nov;60(11):1087-98
Ruprecht K, Kuhlmann T, Seif F, Hummel V, Kruse N, Bruck W, Rieckmann P.
Clinical Research Unit for Multiple Sclerosis and Neuroimmunology, Department of Neurology, Julius-Maximilians-University, Wurzburg, Germany.

Oncostatin M (OSM) is a member of the interleukin (IL)-6 cytokine family and modulates inflammatory responses.

Here we investigated the role of OSM as an immunoregulatory factor for human cerebral endothelial cells (HCEC).

Using RT-PCR we detected transcripts of the receptor components involved in OSM signaling, gp130, OSM receptor (OSMR)-beta, and leukemia inhibitory factor receptor (LIFR), in HCEC.

A parallel FACS analysis revealed surface expression of gp130 and OSMR-beta, but not of LIFR on these cells.

Functionally, OSM upregulated intercellular adhesion molecule-1, but did not induce vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 in HCEC.

Further, OSM upregulated IL-6 and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, whereas IL-8 was unaffected.

Combined application of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and OSM synergistically enhanced IL-6 and MCP-1 production, but downregulated TNF-alpha-induced IL-8.

As OSM regulated molecules relevant in inflammatory brain diseases, we investigated its expression in normal and pathological human brains.

OSM was detected by immunohistochemistry in brains from multiple sclerosis patients in microglia, reactive astrocytes, and infiltrating leukocytes, whereas in normal brains and noninflammatory neurological diseases. immunoreactivity was absent from the parenchyma.

These data suggest that immunoregulatory functions in human cerebral endothelial cells may be a mechanism by which OSM participates in the pathophysiology of inflammatory brain disease.

PMID: 11706938 [PubMed - in process]