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Clinical aspects of abnormal eye movements

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=15152459

Rinsho Shinkeigaku. 2003 Nov;43(11):765-8
Kuroiwa Y, Toda H.
Department of Neurology, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine.

This paper reviews a variety of abnormal eye movements which include abnormal ocular positions, restricted eye motions, impairment of conjugated eye movements, abnormal smooth pursuit, abnormal saccade, gaze-evoked nystagmus, down-beat nystagmus, internuclear ophthalmoplegia, supranuclear ophthalmoplegia, square wave jerks, roving eye movement, ocular bobbing, ocular dipping, reverse ocular bobbing, and ping-pong gaze.

Abnormal eye movements occur from stroke, spinocerebellar degeneration, Parkinson disease, multiple system atrophy, progressive supranuclear palsy, multiple sclerosis, Miller Fisher syndrome, myasthenia gravis, opsoclonus-polymyoclonia syndrome, and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.

In neurological practice, it is important to observe abnormal eye movements accurately and enthusiastically, to make appropriate anatomical and etiological diagnosis.