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More MS news articles for May 2003

Differential Regulation of Membrane Bound and Soluble ICAM 1 in Human Endothelium and Blood Mononuclear Cells: Effects of Interferon Beta-1a

Cell Commun Adhes 2002 Sep-Oct;9(5):259-72
Giorelli M, De Blasi A, Defazio G, Avolio C, Iacovelli L, Livrea P, Trojano M.
Department of Neurologic and Psychiatric Sciences, University of Bari, Bari, Italy.

The membrane-associated Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 (mICAM 1) is fundamental for adhesion of leukocytes to endothelial cells.

A soluble form of ICAM 1 (sICAM 1) exists in the human serum, and is seen as marker of disease activity in patients suffering from Multiple Sclerosis (MS).

High levels of sICAM 1 have been detected in MS patients benefiting from interferon beta (IFNbeta) treatment, but little is known on the molecular origins of sICAM 1.

This study investigated the interrelationship and the mechanisms of production of sICAM 1 and mICAM 1 in human endothelium (Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells, HUVECs) and mononuclear leukocytes (MNL) upon stimulation with IFNbeta-1a and other inducers.

We found that the expression of mICAM 1 and the release of sICAM 1 are differentially regulated in both these cytotypes.

HUVECs and MNL express specific mRNA for both mICAM 1 and sICAM 1, and modification of the content of each of these transcripts results in regulation of both the ICAM 1 isoforms.

We show that IFNbeta-1a is strong regulator of the ICAM 1 RNA splicing machinery.

Effect of IFNbeta-1a over expression of the ICAM 1 isoforms might have a relevant immunomoregulatory role in Multiple Sclerosis.