Vestn Rentgenol Radiol 1999 Mar-Apr;(2):4-8
Moscow Research Institute of Diagnosis and Surgery, Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of the Russian Federation.
The paper deals with the diagnosis of demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system, including multiple sclerosis, by means of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
The low-magnetic induction tomographs "Obraz" ("Image") and "Ellips" ("Ellipse") made in Russia were used to perform MRI of the brain in 255 patients diagnosed as having multiple sclerosis.
Whether low-magnetic induction MRI can detectfocal changes in the brain in the presence of multiple sclerosis was assessed; the tomographic signs of the disease were clarified and classified.
There was a relationship between the detection of focal changes in the brain and the duration of the disease.
Particular emphasis is laid on the cases of various abnormalities at MRI, which clinically mask multiple sclerosis.
The cases are summarized and a list of conditions to be particularly emphasized while making a differential diagnosis is drawn up.