Neuroimage. 2004 Mar;21(3):1037-44
Anbeek P, Vincken KL, van Osch MJ, Bisschops RH, van der Grond J.
Department of Radiology, Image Sciences Institute, University Medical Center Utrecht, 3584 CX Utrecht, The Netherlands
A new method has been developed for fully automated segmentation of white matter lesions (WMLs) in cranial MR imaging.
The algorithm uses information from T1-weighted (T1-w), inversion recovery (IR), proton density-weighted (PD), T2-weighted (T2-w) and fluid attenuation inversion recovery (FLAIR) scans.
It is based on the K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN) classification technique that builds a feature space from voxel intensities and spatial information.
The technique generates images representing the probability per voxel being part of a WML.
By application of thresholds on these probability maps, binary segmentations can be obtained.
ROC curves show that the segmentations achieve both high sensitivity and specificity.
A similarity index (SI), overlap fraction (OF) and extra fraction (EF) are calculated for additional quantitative analysis of the result.
The SI is also used for determination of the optimal probability threshold for generation of the binary segmentation.
Using probabilistic equivalents of the SI, OF and EF, the probability maps can be evaluated directly, providing a powerful tool for comparison of different classification results.
This method for automated WML segmentation reaches an accuracy that is comparable to methods for multiple sclerosis (MS) lesion segmentation and is suitable for detection of WMLs in large and longitudinal population studies.