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More MS news articles for March 2004

Strategy application test: discriminate validity studies

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=15015900

Can J Occup Ther. 2004 Feb;71(1):47-55
Birnboim S.
Occupational Therapy Department, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Studies Haifa University, Mount Carmel, Haifa, Israel, 31905

PURPOSE:

Having a method of testing strategy application abilities provides important information for occupational performance.

The goal of the present study was to investigate the discriminate validity of a strategy application test.

This test measures the ability to apply and maintain a working strategy for efficient execution of tasks.

The advantages of this test are that it is standardized, short, simple to administer, and applicable to various clinical populations.

METHOD:

Five different groups of participants were studied: senior healthy people, children affected by attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, people with multiple sclerosis or with depression and schizophrenia.

All of these individuals had some frontal lobe involvement, thus suggesting possible executive dysfunction.

RESULTS:

As hypothesized, the results demonstrated strategy application skill impairment in all the clinical groups, as well as a gradual decline in strategy application abilities with advanced aging.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:

These results exhibit the discriminate validity of the strategy application test and add to the accumulating evidence of executive dysfunction in these populations.