Neuroradiology. 2004 Feb 19
Gavra MM, Voumvourakis C, Gouliamos AD, Sfagos C, Vlahos LJ.
Department of Radiology, "Aretaieion" Hospital,University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece.
Our purpose was to evaluate the role of magnetization transfer and image subtraction in detecting more enhancing lesions in brain MR imaging of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS).
Thirty-one MS patients underwent MR imaging of the brain with T1-weighted spin echo sequences without and with magnetization transfer (MT) using a 1.5 T imager.
Both sequences were acquired before and after intravenous injection of a paramagnetic contrast agent.
Subtraction images in T1-weighted sequences were obtained by subtracting the pre-contrast images from the post-contrast ones.
A significant difference was found between the numbers of enhanced areas in post-gadolinium T1-weighted images without and with MT ( p=0.020).
The post-gadolinium T1-weighted images with MT allowed the detection of an increased (13) number of enhancing lesions compared with post-gadolinium T1-weighted images without MT.
A significant difference was also found between the numbers of enhanced areas in post-gadolinium T1-weighted images without MT and subtraction images without MT ( p=0.020).
The subtraction images without MT allowed the detection of an increased (10) number of enhancing lesions compared with post-gadolinium T1-weighted images without MT.
Magnetization transfer contrast and subtraction techniques appear to be the simplest and least time-consuming applications to improve the conspicuity and detection of contrast-enhancing lesions in patients with MS.