J Immunol 2003 Jan 15;170(2):1019-26
Karlsson J, Zhao X, Lonskaya I, Neptin M, Holmdahl R, Andersson A.
Department for Cell and Molecular Biology, Section for Medical Inflammation Research, University of Lund, Sweden.
The B10.RIII mouse strain (H-2(r)) develops chronic experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) upon immunization with the myelin basic protein 89-101 peptide.
EAE was induced and studied in a backcross between B10.RIII and the EAE-resistant RIIIS/J strain (H-2(r)), and a complete genome scan with microsatellite markers was performed.
Five loci were significantly linked to different traits and clinical subtypes of EAE on chromosomes 1, 5, 11, 15, and 16, three of the loci having sex specificity.
The quantitative trait locus on chromosome 15 partly overlapped with the Eae2 locus, previously identified in crosses between the B10.RIII and RIIIS/J mouse strains.
The loci on chromosomes 11 and 16 overlapped with Eae loci identified in other mouse crosses.
By analyzing the backcross animals for lymphocyte phenotypes, the proportion of B and T cells in addition to the levels of CD4(+)CD8(-) and CD4(-)CD8(+) T cells and the CD4(+)/CD8(+) ratio in spleen were linked to different loci on chromosomes 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 11, and 15.
On chromosome 16, we found significant linkage to spleen cell proliferation.
Several linkages overlapped with the quantitative trait loci for disease phenotypes.
The identification of subphenotypes that are linked to the same loci as disease traits could be most useful in the search for candidate genes and biological pathways involved in the pathological process.