J Neuroimmunol 2003 Mar;136(1-2):119-24
Cid C, Alvarez-Cermeno JC, Regidor I, Plaza J, Salinas M, Alcazar A.
Servicio de Bioqui;mica-Investigacion, Hospital Ramon y Cajal, Ctra. Colmenar km 9.1, 28034, Madrid, Spain
Neuronal apoptosis has recently been implicated in multiple sclerosis (MS).
Apoptotic cell death of neurons is induced in cultures exposed to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from MS patients.
Since caspases are essential in the regulation of apoptosis, direct evidence was sought linking caspases to CSF-induced neuronal death.
Caspase activity was measured in cell extracts from MS CSF-treated cultured neurons by the cleavage of caspase-1 and caspase-3 substrates.
Caspase-3 activity, but not caspase-1, was induced in neuronal cultures in response to MS CSF treatment.
This caspase-3 activity was inhibited in vitro by Ac-YVAD-cmk and Ac-DEVD-cmk caspase inhibitors.
Treatment of MS CSF-incubated neuronal cells with these caspase inhibitors completely preserved neuronal survival and largely attenuated DNA fragmentation detected in situ.
These findings show that neuronal cells are rescued from MS CSF-induced death by caspase inhibitors and suggest ways to treat MS.