Int Rev Immunol 2001;20(2):301-31
Brumeanu T D, Bona C A, Casares S.
Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA.
Herein we describe the major signaling events that occur in T-cells upon T-cell receptor (TCR) engagement, and the mechanisms responsible for the induction of T-cell anergy that may ultimately lead to the development of immunospecific therapies in T-cell mediated autoimmune diseases.
A new type of antigen presenting molecule (dimeric MHC class-II/peptide, DEF) endowed with antigen-specific immunomodulatory effects such as induction of Th2 polarization and T-cell anergy is also described as a potential antidiabetogenic agent.
According to our preliminary results, the MHC II/peptide-based approach may provide rational grounds for further development of antigen-specific immunotherapeutic agents such as human-like MHC lI/peptide chimeras endowed with efficient down-regulatory effects in CD4 T-cell-mediated autoimmune diseases such as Type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis, primary biliary cirrhosis, and rheumatoid arthritis.