More MS news articles for Mar 2002

Multi-modal antigen specific therapy for autoimmunity

Int Rev Immunol 2001 Oct;20(5):593-611
Legge K L, Bell J J, Li L, Gregg R, Caprio J C, Zaghouani H.
Department of Microbiology, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville 37996-0845, USA.

Peripheral tolerance, represents an attractive strategy to down-regulate previously activated T cells and suppress an ongoing disease.

Herein, immunoglobulins (Igs) were used to deliver self and altered self peptides for efficient peptide presentation without costimulation to test for modulation of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE).

Accordingly, the encephalitogenic proteolipid protein (PLP) sequence 139-151 (referred to as PLP1) and an altered form of PLP1 known as PLP-LR were genetically expressed on Igs and the resulting Ig-PLP1 and Ig-PLP-LR were tested for efficient presentation of the peptides and for amelioration of ongoing EAE.

Evidence is presented indicating that Ig-PLP1 as well as Ig-PLP-LR given in saline to mice with ongoing clinical EAE suppresses subsequent relapses.

However, aggregation of both chimeras allows crosslinking of Fcgamma receptors (FcgammaRs) and induction of IL-10 production by APCs but does not promote the up-regulation of costimulatory molecules.

Consequently, IL-10 displays bystander suppression and synergizes with presentation without costimulation to drive effective modulation of EAE.

As Ig-PLP1 is more potent than Ig-PLP-LR in the down-regulation of T cells, we conclude that peptide affinity plays a critical role in this multi-modal approach of T cell modulation.