J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 2004 Apr;26(2):200-14
Bruce JM, Arnett PA.
Psychology Department, College of the Liberal Arts, Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802-3105, USA.
Depression and memory difficulties are among the most common complaints voiced by patients with multiple sclerosis (MS).
Nevertheless, little is known about how depression might affect patients' perceptions of their memory difficulties.
The present investigation was designed to explore this issue.
Results supported a model that integrates aspects of Beck's theory of depression and the concept of depressive realism.
Consistent with the depressive realism literature, nondepressed MS patients significantly overestimated their everyday memory compared with their actual performance on verbal memory and attention/concentration indices, whereas moderately depressed patients' everyday memory ratings mirrored their actual neuropsychological performance.
Supporting Beck's negative cognitive schema notion, mildly depressed patients significantly overestimated their memory difficulties.
Implications for the treatment of memory problems among MS patients are discussed.