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More MS news articles for June 2004

Differential prevention of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis with antigen-specific DNA vaccination

Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2004 Jun;106(3):241-5
Walczak A, Szymanska B, Selmaj K.
Department of Neurology, Medical University of Lodz, 22 Kopcinskiego St., 90-153 Lodz, Poland.

We compared the potential therapeutic effect of vaccination with DNA constructs encoding two encephalitogenic proteins, PLP and MOG, on the outcome of subsequent sensitization of EAE induced in SJL/J and C57/B6 mice.

Early sensitization for EAE (4 weeks after DNA vaccination) caused recipient animals to develop enhanced disease with DNA-encoding PLP but not with DNA-encoding MOG.

Late sensitization (more than 10 weeks) resulted in an amelioration of EAE in animals vaccinated with both PLP and MOG DNA constructs.

These results, confirming the DNA-mediated ameliorating effect on EAE, also indicate significant differences in the kinetics of development of EAE tolerance in response to vaccination with different DNA-encoding myelin antigens.

Since PLP and MOG require different MHC presentation and induce different EAE models, the results point to potential differences in immune system requirements for efficient DNA-induced amelioration of the autoimmune response.