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More MS news articles for June 2003

T cells from multiple sclerosis patients recognize immunoglobulin G from cerebrospinal fluid

Multiple Sclerosis, 1 June 2003, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 228-234(7)
Holmøy T.[1]; Vandvik B.[2]; Vartdal F.[1]
[1] Institute of Immunology, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, Oslo, Norway [2] Department of Neurology, Ullevål University Hospital, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

Idiotopic sequences are created after V, D and J recombinations and by somatic mutations during affinity maturation of immuglobulin (Ig) molecules, and may therefore be potential immunogenic epitopes.

Idiotope-specific T cells are able to activate and sustain the B cells producing such idiotopes.

It is therefore possible that idiotope-specific intrathecal T cells could help maintain the persisting intrathecal synthesis of oligoclonal IgG observed in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS).

This study was undertaken to examine T-cell responses to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) IgG.

Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 14 of 21 MS patients and four of 17 control patients with other neurological diseases proliferated upon stimulation with autologous CSF IgG, while five and three, respectively, responded to serum IgG.

By comparison, responses to myelin basic protein were recorded in only four MS and three control patients.

Data from a limited number of patients indicate that the CSF IgG responsive cells were CD4+ and human leucocyte antigen DR restricted, that PBMC also respond to CSF IgG from other MS patients and that the CSF may contain T cells responding to autologous CSF IgG.

This suggests that CSF IgG, or substances bound to this IgG, may represent T-cell immunogens, which could contribute to the intrathecal immune response in MS.