J Immunol. 2003 Jul 1;171(1):462-8.
Oliver AR, Lyon GM, Ruddle NH.
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health and Section of Immunobiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520.
C57BL/6 mice immunized with the extracellular Ig-like domain of rat myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) developed experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) resembling that induced by rodent MOG 35-55 in its B cell independence and predominantly mononuclear CNS infiltrate.
In contrast, human MOG protein-induced EAE was B cell dependent with polymorphonuclear leukocytes.
Human MOG differs from rat MOG at several residues, including a proline for serine substitution at position 42.
Human MOG 35-55 was only weakly encephalitogenic, and a proline substitution in rat MOG at position 42 severely attenuated its encephalitogenicity.
However, human MOG 35-55 was immunogenic, inducing proliferation and IFN-gamma and IL-3 to human, but not rodent MOG 35-55.
The B cell dependence of EAE induced by human MOG protein was not due to a requirement for Ag presentation by B cells, because spleen cells from B cell-deficient mice processed and presented human and rat MOG proteins to T cells.
The different pathogenic mechanisms of human and rat MOG proteins might result from different Abs induced by these proteins.
However, rat and human MOG proteins induced Abs to mouse MOG that were equivalent in titer and IgG subclass.
These data demonstrate that EAE can be induced in C57BL/6 mice by two mechanisms, depending on the nature of the immunogen: an encephalitogenic T cell response to rat MOG or rodent MOG 35-55, or an encephalitogenic B cell response to epitopes on human MOG protein that most likely cross-react with mouse determinants.