J Neuroimmunol. 2003 Jun;139(1-2):119-32
Pon RA, Freedman MS.
Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa Hospital-General Campus, 501 Smyth Rd., K1H 8L6, Ottawa, Ont., Canada
Human gammadelta T cells are an integral part of the innate immune system and have been difficult to study owing primarily to their relatively low abundance and their fastidious culture properties associated with short in vitro lifespan.
Their increased presence within multiple sclerosis (MS) white matter plaques compared to peripheral blood (PB) suggests a specific interaction with central nervous system (CNS) tissues.
This fact, together with their innate ability to lyse human oligodendrocytes in culture implicate them possibly in the pathogenesis of MS.
To further investigate their potential role in MS, we studied whether gammadelta T cells could be effectively immortalized using Herpesvirus saimiri (HVS), so that they could be studied in longer-term cultures.
Effective culture conditions were established resulting in efficient HVS growth transformation of multiple PB and CSF gammadelta T cell lines and clones that could exist in IL-2-dependent culture for periods in excess of 2 years.
Phenotypic and functional comparison studies with parental nontransformed gammadelta T cells were performed to characterize the changes that possibly induced by viral transformation.
Using panels of transformed gammadelta T cell clones representing discrete gammadelta TcR subtypes, there was no apparent correlation between intracytoplasmic cytokine expression or tumor cell cytotoxicity with a specific TcR.
All transformed gammadelta T cells analyzed, regardless of their compartment of origin, strongly expressed intracytoplasmic IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha, but little IL-2 or anti-inflammatory IL-4 or IL-10.
These results indicate that HVS transformation of gammadelta T cells can be used to generate lines and clones from both the CSF and PB compartments for further study and elucidation of their potential role in MS pathogenesis.