Eur J Endocrinol 2002 Jun;146(6):777-81
Pani MA, Regulla K, Segni M, Krause M, Hofmann S, Hufner M, Herwig J, Pasquino AM, Usadel KH, Badenhoop K.
Department of Internal Medicine I, Division of Endocrinology, University Hospital Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
The vitamin D endocrine system plays a role in the regulation of (auto)immunity and cell proliferation. Vitamin D 1alpha-hydroxylase (CYP1alpha) is one of the key enzymes regulating both systemic and tissue levels of 1,25-dihyroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3)). Administration of 1,25(OH)(2)D(3), whose serum levels were found to be reduced in type 1 diabetes and thyroid autoimmunity, prevents these diseases in animal models. We therefore investigated a recently reported CYP1alpha polymorphism for an association with type 1 diabetes mellitus, Graves' disease and Hashimoto's thyroiditis.
DESIGN AND METHODS:
Four hundred and seven Caucasian pedigrees with one offspring affected by either type 1 diabetes (209 families), Graves' disease (92 families) or Hashimoto's thyroiditis (106 families) were genotyped for a C/T polymorphism in intron 6 of the CYP1alpha gene on chromosome 12q13.1-13.3 and transmission disequilibrium testing (TDT) was performed. Subsets of affected offspring stratified for HLA-DQ haplotype were compared using chi(2) testing.
There was no deviation from the expected transmission frequency in either type 1 diabetes mellitus (P=0.825), Graves' disease (P=0.909) or Hashimoto's thyroiditis (P=0.204). However, in Hashimoto's thyroiditis the CYP1alpha C allele was significantly more often transmitted to HLA-DQ2(-) patients (27 transmitted vs 14 not transmitted; TDT: P=0.042) than expected. The C allele was less often transmitted to HLA-DQ2(+) patients (9 transmitted vs 12 not transmitted; TDT: P=0.513), although the difference was not significant (chi(2) test: P=0.143). A similar difference was observed in type 1 diabetes between offspring with high and low risk HLA-DQ haplotypes (chi(2) test: P=0.095).
The CYP1alpha intron 6 polymorphism appears not to be associated with type 1 diabetes mellitus, Graves' disease and Hashimoto's thyroiditis. A potential association in subsets of patients with type 1 diabetes and Hashimoto's thyroiditis should be further investigated as well as its functional implications.