J Neuroimmunol 2002 Jun;127(1-2):149-59
Muraro PA, Bonanni L, Mazzanti B, Pantalone A, Traggiai E, Massacesi L, Vergelli M, Gambi D.
Clinica Neurologica, Dipartimento di Oncologia e Neuroscienze, Nuovo Ospedale Clinicizzato, University "G.D. Annunzio", Via dei Vestini, 66013, Chieti, Italy
To understand the short-term dynamics of the circulating T cell receptor V beta (TCRBV) repertoire in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS), we monitored the TCRBV profiles of untreated MS patients and healthy controls.
Expansions of TCRBV genes in MS patients were significantly more frequent than in controls (P<0.001), were predominantly oligoclonal (80%) and were significantly correlated with immune responses to myelin basic protein (MBP) (P<0.02) and with inflammatory disease activity detected by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (P<0.05).
Autoreactive T cell responses against myelin antigens may be implicated in perturbations of TCR repertoire in untreated MS patients, detectable even in the absence of clinically evident manifestations.