Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol 2002 Jun;42(4):205-18
Makabe H, Sakamoto K.
Department of Communications and Systems, University of Electro-Communications, Tokyo, Japan.
The purpose of this study is to verify the features of the power spectrum of postural tremors for neuromuscular disease patients and to classify the postural tremors.
The subjects were 88 neuromuscular disease patients (30 Parkinson disease (PD), 25 cerebellar disease (CER), 7 multiple sclerosis (MS), 7 neuropathy (NEU), 10 motor neuron disease (MND), 9 myopathy (MYO)).
The control subjects were 12 normal young persons and 10 normal aged persons.
Postural tremor was detected by accelerator sensor.
Postural tremor was recorded under the two postural conditions: The subjects maintained the index finger without or with a weight load of 50 g in a horizontal position while looking at a visual target in front of the tip of the index finger.
The power spectrum was calculated by an auto-regressive model (AR model).
The peak frequency and the peak power were evaluated under the two conditions.
Two frequency components of 8-12 Hz and 20-25 Hz appeared in the postural tremor of both normal subjects and neuromuscular disease patients.
The difference of the postural tremor between the subjects mainly appeared in the 8-12 Hz component during the postural tremor with a weight load.
MYO patients belonged to one group (called as group P1) due to lower peak power, CER patients belonged to one group (called as group P2) due to higher peak power, and PD and MS patients belonged to one group (called as group P3) due to lower peak frequency and higher peak power.
NER and MND patients belonged to one group (called as group N which meant normal group).
These results suggested that the peak frequency and the peak power of the 8-12 Hz component were changed by the conditions of both spinal reflex system and central nervous system.
An oscillator within the central nervous system produced the underlying frequency of 8-12 Hz component, while the amplitude of 8-12 Hz component was governed by both spinal reflex system and central nervous system.
In conclusion, the classification of postural tremor for neuromuscular disease patients was a useful index to elucidate the mechanism of tremor oscillation and to assist in clinical diagnosis of neuromuscular disease.