Neuroepidemiology 2002 Jul-Aug;21(4):187-93
Montomoli C, Allemani C, Solinas G, Motta G, Bernardinelli L, Clemente S, Murgia BS, Ticca AF, Musu L, Piras ML, Ferrai R, Caria A, Sanna S, Porcu O.
Dipartimento Scienze Sanitarie Applicate e Psicocomportamentali, Sezione di Statistica Medica e Epidemiologia, Universita di Pavia, Italia.
We carried out an ecological study in the most archaic area of Sardinia to obtain a reliable estimate of the prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) and to investigate the geographical variation in the prevalence across the 100 administrative communes.
To estimate the area-specific prevalence rate, we adopted a Bayesian approach that makes it possible to filter out the random variation from the estimates and to obtain a map that reflects the true geographical variation in MS prevalence.
428 resident cases were identified by the case register, including 69 multiplex families.
The overall prevalence was 157 per 100,000 inhabitants.
The Bayesian area-specific prevalence ranged from 143 to 262/100,000.
The high prevalence and its moderate geographical variation in a genetically homogeneous population, as well as the high number of multiplex families observed in the communes with the highest prevalence, could be interpreted as representing a high susceptibility of the population to MS.
Copyright 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel