More MS news articles for July 2002

Oscillopsia Without Nystagmus Caused by Head Titubation in a Patient with Multiple Sclerosis

J Neuroophthalmol 2002 Jun;22(2):88-91
Proudlock FA, Gottlob I, Constantinescu CS.
Leicester-Warwick Medical School, University of Leicester, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Department of Ophthalmology, Leicester, UK (FAP, IG), and the Division of Neurology, School of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Nottingham, Queen's Medical Center, Nottingham, UK (CSC).

Oscillopsia in patients who have brain stem disorders but not nystagmus is attributed to a failure of the vestibular-ocular reflex (VOR) to compensate for head movements.

We report a patient who had marked head titubation and oscillopsia in aggressive multiple sclerosis but no nystagmus.

Her severe head titubation precluded our ability to measure a VOR accurately.

Because oscillopsia has also been described after rapid voluntary head oscillations in normal subjects, we queried whether the oscillopsia in our patient could be ascribed to the head movement alone.

Six normal control subjects did not experience oscillopsia while shaking their heads at the same frequency as the patient's titubation.

We conclude that the oscillopsia in our patient was probably the result of an impaired VOR or an alternative compensatory mechanism.