Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2002 Jun;60(2-B):469-74
Werneck LC, Scola RH, Arruda WO, Torres LF.
Hospital de Clinicas, Universidade Federal do Parana, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.
We report a case of a 44-years-old woman with relapsing-remitting and secondarily progressive form of multiple sclerosis (MS) since aged 24 years, who developed an anaplastic astrocytoma.
The neurological manifestations of the tumor were misinterpreted as resulting from MS.
Sequential MRI examination and seizures raised the possibility of another nature of her symptoms, besides MS.
Her initial good response to high doses corticosteroids led to the initial assumption her symptoms were only exclusively due to the demyelinating process.
She underwent craniotomy with radical excision of the lesion.
Pathological examination disclosed anaplastic astrocytoma.
Other cases of coincidental MS and primary CNS tumors are reviewed, as well as their possible relation.