Acta Neurol Scand. 2004 Feb; 109(2): 106-12
Rostrom B, Grubb A, Holmdahl R.
Section for Medical Inflammation Research, Lund University Department of Clinical Chemistry Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
Oligoclonal bands (OBs) in electrophoresis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are present in multiple sclerosis and here is investigated whether these also occur in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE).
MATERIAL AND METHODS :
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis was induced in 42 DA rats after immunization with rat spinal chord homogenate and the occurrence of OBs were detected by electrophoresis of both sera and CSF.
The relationship between disease symptoms, antibody response against myelin basic protein (MBP), myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) and appearance of OBs was studied.
Development of CSF-specific OB was found to occur, 6 weeks after immunization, in seven of 42 rats.
OB was detected in rats with an antibody response against MBP, whereas as a role no such bands were present in rats with an antibody response against MOG.
Initially severe disease symptoms were correlated to a concomitant intense oligoclonal antibody response.
Cerebrospinal fluid-specific OB occurs in EAE.
It is present in rats with an anti-MBP, but not in rats with an anti-MOG antibody response.
A severe disease results in an intense oligoclonal antibody response, which might have an anti-inflammatory effect.