Neuropharmacology 2002 Feb;42(2):262-9
Zhang B, Yang L, Konishi Y, Maeda N, Sakanaka M, Tanaka J.
Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Ehime University, Ehime, Japan
We investigated the effects of inhibitors of cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase type IV (PDE IV) on cultured rat microglial cells.
Microglial cells expressed mRNA encoding PDE IV. Rolipram and RO-20-1724, specific inhibitors of PDE IV, elevated the intracellular cAMP level much higher than the other types of PDE inhibitors.
cAMP in astrocytes but not in cerebrocortical neurons was similarly increased in response to treatment with PDE IV inhibitors examined.
The PDE IV inhibitors, a beta-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol and an adenylyl cyclase stimulant forskolin suppressed the proliferation of microglial cells as revealed by PCNA-immunocytochemical staining.
The PDE IV inhibitors suppressed release of TNFalpha and nitric oxide (NO) from lipopolysaccharide-activated microglial cells in pure culture, while they did not affect NO release from microglial cells in neuron-microglia coculture.
The PDE IV inhibitors also suppressed superoxide anion production by phorbol ester-treated microglial cells.
Isoproterenol and forskolin similarly suppressed the macrophage-like functions of activated microglial cells.
However, the PDE IV inhibitors displayed novel effects distinct from those of isoproterenol, forskolin and 8Br-cAMP, regarding expression of mRNAs encoding PDE IV, metallothionein-1 and hemeoxigenase-1.
The present data showed that the PDE IV inhibitors can be available to control microglial function and that their effects on glial cells should be taken into account when PDE IV inhibitors are used for treatment of brain diseases, such as multiple sclerosis.