More MS news articles for Jan 2002

Detection of oligoclonal immunoglobulins in cerebrospinal fluid by an immunofixation-peroxidase method

Clin Chem 2002 Jan;48(1):167-73
Richard S, Miossec V, Moreau JF, Taupin JL.
Laboratory of Immunology, Centre Hospitalier Regional et Universitaire de Bordeaux, 33076 Bordeaux, France.


The detection of intrathecal synthesis of immunoglobulins is used in the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS). We tested the semiautomated immunofixation-peroxidase (IFPOD) technique, which uses high-resolution agarose gel electrophoresis (HRAGE) directly followed by immunofixation with a peroxidase-labeled anti-IgG antiserum to detect oligoclonal immunoglobulins in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).


We analyzed 230 consecutive matched serum/CSF pairs that arrived in the laboratory over a 6-month period with both IFPOD and our routine techniques, immunofixation electrophoresis (IFE) and HRAGE. For IFPOD, CSF samples were not concentrated before testing.


Among the 230 samples were 12 clinically definite MS, 33 clinically probable, and 20 clinically possible MS samples. IFPOD and HRAGE + IFE each detected oligoclonal IgG in CSF in 10, 16, and 7 cases of these respective groups. For clinically definite MS, sensitivity and specificity (95% confidence intervals) were, respectively, 83% (51-97%) and 79% (73-84%).


The IFPOD technique performs comparably to other analytical methods, without the requirement for sample concentration, and may represent an attractive alternative in testing for intrathecal immunoglobulin synthesis.

PMID: 11751552 [PubMed - in process]