No To Shinkei. 2003 Dec;55(12):1047-51
Mutsukura K, Ouma S, Sakata S, Nakajima M, Tsuboi Y, Yamada T.
5th Department of Internal Medicine, Fukuoka University School of Medicine, 7-45-1 Nanakuma, Johnan-ku, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan.
Cheiromegaly is an extremely rare syndrome characterized by unilateral hand hypertrophy with hyperhydrosis.
Unilateral foot hypertrophy has been described as podomegaly.
Cheiromegaly/podomegaly is usually seen in patients with syringomyelia.
Although the underlying pathophysiology remains unknown, it is speculated that chronic cervical cord injury including central descending sympathetic tract is essential for development of this syndrome.
We report a cheiromegaly/podomegaly in a case with primary progressive multiple sclerosis.
This 29-year-old woman developed cheiromegaly and podomegaly in her right hand and foot associated with chronic progressive cervical myelopathy.
At age two, she developed transient paraparesis with full recovery, suggesting her symptomatic onset of her longstanding illness.
At age 10, she had left leg weakness, and gradually worsened.
On admission at age 29, she had muscular weakness in her left upper and both lower extremities.
Sensory impairment was seen below her 5th cervical and 6th thoracic dermatome level.
Her deep tendon reflexes were exaggerated in all extremities with bilateral Babinski's signs.
MR imaging showed multiple plaques in the white matter of the brain associated with cervical spinal cord lesions.
Taken together with the presence of oligoclonal band IgG in the cerebrospinal fluid, this patient met the criteria of multiple sclerosis.
This is the first report presenting cheiromegaly/podomegaly not associated with syringomyelia, but with multiple sclerosis.
It is suggested that cheiromegaly/podomegaly in present case may be caused by chronic cervical cord injury affecting descending central sympathetic tract associated with primary progressive multiple sclerosis.