Magn Reson Imaging 2002 Dec;20(10):733-41
Grenier D, Pelletier D, Normandeau M, Newitt D, Nelson S, Goodkin DE, Majumdar S.
Magnetic Resonance Science Center, Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
An accurate measurement of the transverse relaxation time T(2), and the histogram of T(2) in the brain parenchyma can be accomplished in vivo using a multi-echo magnetic resonance imaging sequence.
An estimate of the error in the T(2) measurement is derived using copper sulfate doped water phantoms.
Correction factors are calculated and applied to the signal intensity of each voxel prior to the in vivo T(2) evaluation.
These corrected T(2) are in good agreement with the theoretical values calculated from copper sulfate concentrations.
This technique is then applied to calculate T(2) histograms of the brain.
The population studied was composed of normal volunteers and multiple sclerosis patients.
The corrected T(2) histogram method discriminates the normal control population from the MS population, and also discriminates between relapsing-remitting patients and primary progressive or secondary progressive patients.
Moreover using this approach we are able to detect in MS patients a global shift of the T(2) of the white mater toward higher values.
The results of this study showed that the method is easy to implement and may be used to characterize MS pathology.