J Neuroimmunol 2003 Feb;135(1-2):29-37
Okuda Y, Okuda M, Bernard CC.
Neuroimmunology Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria 3083, Australia
The role of p53, a pro-apoptotic protein, in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) was investigated using p53-deficient C57BL/6J mice.
p53-deficient mice immunised with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) exhibited a more severe clinical course of EAE with more severe inflammation in the central nervous system (CNS) compared to wild-type littermates.
While T and B cell responses of p53-deficient mice to MOG were comparable to those of wild-type littermates, significantly higher production of IL-6, granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor and IL-10 was observed in lymphocytes exposed to MOG from p53-deficient mice than those from wild-type littermates.
Furthermore, a flow cytometric analysis of Annexin V staining showed that apoptosis of CNS-infiltrating cells was less in p53-deficient mice with EAE compared to wild-type littermates.
These results suggest that p53 may be involved in the regulatory process of EAE through the control of cytokine production and/or the apoptotic elimination of inflammatory cells.