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More MS news articles for February 2003

Induction of Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis in IL-12 Receptor-beta2-Deficient Mice: IL-12 Responsiveness Is Not Required in the Pathogenesis of Inflammatory Demyelination in the Central Nervous System

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=12574388&dopt=Abstract

J Immunol 2003 Feb 15;170(4):2153-60
Zhang GX, Gran B, Yu S, Li J, Siglienti I, Chen X, Kamoun M, Rostami A.
Departments of. Neurology, Neurosurgery, and. Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104.

IL-12 is thought to be involved in the susceptibility to experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a Th1 cell-mediated autoimmune disorder of the CNS.

IL-12 signals through a heterodimeric receptor (IL-12Rbeta1/IL-12Rbeta2), whose beta2-chain is up-regulated on activated, autoreactive Th1 cells.

Contrary to the expectation that the absence of IL-12Rbeta2 would protect from EAE, we found that IL-12Rbeta2-deficient mice developed earlier and more severe disease, with extensive demyelination and CNS inflammation.

The inflammatory cells were mainly comprised of CD4(+) T cells, monocyte/macrophages, and dendritic cells.

Compared to wild-type mice, IL-12Rbeta2-deficient mice exhibited significantly increased autoantigen-induced proliferative response and increased production of TNF-alpha, GM-CSF, IL-17, IL-18/IL-18Ralpha, and NO.

In addition, we found significantly increased levels of IL-23p19 mRNA expression in spleen cells from immunized IL-12Rbeta2(-/-) mice compared with wild-type mice.

These findings indicate that IL-12 responsiveness is not required in the pathogenesis of inflammatory demyelination in the CNS, and that, in the absence of IL-12Rbeta2, increased IL-23 and other inflammatory molecules may be responsible for increased severity of EAE.