J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2003 Dec;23(12):1383-1402
Dijkhuizen RM, Nicolay K.
Image Sciences Institute, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands; dagger Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, Massachusetts, U.S.A.; and double dagger Department of Biomedical NMR, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
This review gives an overview of the application of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in experimental models of brain disorders.
MRI is a noninvasive and versatile imaging modality that allows longitudinal and three-dimensional assessment of tissue morphology, metabolism, physiology, and function.
MRI can be sensitized to proton density, T1, T2, susceptibility contrast, magnetization transfer, diffusion, perfusion, and flow.
The combination of different MRI approaches (e.g., diffusion-weighted MRI, perfusion MRI, functional MRI, cell-specific MRI, and molecular MRI) allows in vivo multiparametric assessment of the pathophysiology, recovery mechanisms, and treatment strategies in experimental models of stroke, brain tumors, multiple sclerosis, neurodegenerative diseases, traumatic brain injury, epilepsy, and other brain disorders.
This report reviews established MRI methods as well as promising developments in MRI research that have advanced and continue to improve our understanding of neurologic diseases and that are believed to contribute to the development of recovery improving strategies.