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More MS news articles for December 2002

TNFalpha downregulates PPARdelta expression in oligodendrocyte progenitor cells: Implications for demyelinating diseases

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=12465041&dopt=Abstract

Glia 2003 Jan;41(1):3-14
Cimini A, Bernardo A, Cifone G, Di Muzio L, Di Loreto S.
Department of Basic and Applied Biology, Universita di L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy.

TNFalpha has been implicated in several demyelinating disorders, including multiple sclerosis (MS) and X-adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD).

TNFalpha abundance is greatly increased in the areas surrounding damaged regions of the central nervous system of patients with MS and X-ALD, but its role in the observed demyelination remains to be elucidated.

A class of nuclear receptors, the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), has been implicated in several physiological and pathological processes.

In particular, PPARdelta has been shown to promote oligodendrocyte (OL) survival and differentiation and PPARgamma has been implicated in inflammation.

In the present study, we investigate on the effects of TNFalpha on OLs during differentiation in vitro.

The results obtained show that TNFalpha treatment impairs PPARdelta expression with concomitant decrease of lignocerolyl-CoA synthase and very-long-chain fatty acid beta-oxidation as well as plasmalogen biosynthesis.

We propose a hypothetical model possibly explaining the perturbation effects of proinflammatory cytokines on myelin synthesis, maturation, and turnover.