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More MS news articles for December 2002

Structural, antigenic and evolutionary analyses of immunoglobulins and T cell receptors

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=12447902&dopt=Abstract

J Mol Recognit 2002 Sep-Oct;15(5):260-71
Marchalonis JJ, Jensen I, Schluter SF.
University of Arizona, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA.

We have had the pleasure of collaborating with Allen Edmundson for the past 15 years on the structure, binding properties and evolution of immunoglobulins and T cell receptors.

Among the most significant contributions of our joint efforts were:

(1) the predictive use of structural features of immunoglobulin domains to model the three-dimensional structures of the immunoglobulin domains of human T-cell receptor alpha and beta chains as well as shark light chains and V(H) domains;

(2) the finding that normal humans and other vertebrates express autoantibodies against combining site epitopes of their own T cell receptors;

(3) the mapping of the peptide autoepitopes recognized in health, autoimmunity and retroviral infection; and

(4) the determination that epitope recognition promiscuity is a characteristic property of the combining sites of IgM immunoglobulins ranging from those of sharks to those of humans.

We briefly review the salient findings and status of these studies and indicate the future directions that we will pursue in their continuation.