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More MS news articles for December 2002

Antibody proteases: induction of catalytic response

Biochemistry (Mosc) 2002 Oct;67(10):1168-79
Gabibov AG, Friboulet A, Thomas D, Demin AV, Ponomarenko NA, Vorobiev II, Pillet D, Paon M, Alexandrova ES, Telegin GB, Reshetnyak AV, Grigorieva OV, Gnuchev NV, Malishkin KA, Genkin DD.
Shemyakin and Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 117198, Russia.

Most of the data accumulated throughout the years on investigation of catalytic antibodies indicate that their production increases on the background of autoimmune abnormalities.

The different approaches to induction of catalytic response toward recombinant gp120 HIV-1 surface protein in mice with various autoimmune pathologies are described.

The peptidylphosphonate conjugate containing structural part of gp120 molecule is used for reactive immunization of NZB/NZW F1, MRL, and SJL mice.

The specific modification of heavy and light chains of mouse autoantibodies with Val-Ala-Glu-Glu-Glu-Val-PO(OPh)2 reactive peptide was demonstrated.

Increased proteolytic activity of polyclonal antibodies in SJL mice encouraged us to investigate the production of antigen-specific catalytic antibodies on the background of induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE).

The immunization of autoimmune-prone mice with the engineered fusions containing the fragments of gp120 and encephalitogenic epitope of myelin basic protein (MBP89-104) was made.

The proteolytic activity of polyclonal antibodies isolated from the sera of autoimmune mice immunized by the described antigen was shown.

Specific immune response of SJL mice to these antigens was characterized.

Polyclonal antibodies purified from sera of the immunized animals revealed proteolytic activity.

The antiidiotypic approach to raise the specific proteolytic antibody as an "internal image" of protease is described.

The "second order" monoclonal antibodies toward subtilisin Carlsberg revealed pronounced proteolytic activity.