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More MS news articles for August 2003

Subpial demyelination in the cerebral cortex of multiple sclerosis patients

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=12901699&dopt=Abstract

J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2003 Jul;62(7):723-32
Bo L, Vedeler CA, Nyland HI, Trapp BD, Mork SJ.
Department of Neurology, Haukeland Hospital, Bergen, Norway. l.boe@vumc.nl

The extent and pattern of demyelination in the cerebral cortex was determined in 78 tissue blocks from the brains of 20 multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and 28 tissue blocks from 7 patients without neurological disease.

Tissue blocks from 4 predetermined areas (cingulate gyrus, frontal, parietal, and temporal lobe) were studied, irrespective of macroscopically evident MS plaques.

All tissue blocks contained cerebral cortex and periventricular and/or subcortical white matter.

One hundred and nine demyelinating lesions were detected in the cerebral cortex, of which 92 (84.4%) were purely intracortical and 17 (15.6%) were lesions extending through both white and gray matter areas.

In 5 of the 20 MS brains, subpial demyelination was extensive in the 4 widely spaced cortical areas studied, thus considered to represent a general cortical subpial demyelination.

The percentage of demyelinated area was significantly higher in the cerebral cortex (mean 26.5%, median 14.1%) than in white matter (mean 6.5%, median 0%) (p = 0.001).

Both gray and white matter demyelination was more prominent in the cingulate gyrus than in the other areas examined (p < 0.05).

These results indicate that the cerebral cortex is likely to be a predilection site for MS lesions and identify general cortical subpial demyelination as a distinct pattern occurring in a significant subpopulation of MS patients.