More MS news articles for August 2002

Characterization of proteolipid protein-peptide-specific CD(4)(+) T cell of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis in Biozzi AB/H mice

Chin Med J (Engl) 2002 Apr;115(4):521-4
Yong P, Chih-Pin L.
Department of Neurology, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Hunan Medical University, Changsha 410013, China or Division of Immunology, Beckman Research Institute, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, CA 91010, USA.


To detect the function of proteolipid protein (PLP) peptide (residues 56 - 70)-specific CD(4)(+) T cells in experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) in Biozzi AB/H mice (H-2A(g7)).


Biozzi AB/H mice were immunized by synthetic PLP(56 - 70) peptide (DYEYLINVIHAFQYV) which was emulsified by sonication with complete Freund's adjuvant, a EAE model proven histologically and clinically. Murine splenocytes and spinal cord infiltrated (SCI) T cells were stimulated by PLP(56 - 70), then the CD(4)(+) T cells were isolated by Dynabeads, and confirmed by staining with anti-CD(4) antibody. Finally, the IL2 bioassay and IFN-gamma/IL4 ELISA were done to detect T cell proliferation and cytokine secretion after PLP(56 - 70) stimulation.


The histology of murine spinal cord showed a great number of lymphocytes infiltrated the spinal cord; the clinical signs showed high scores (4.3) on the peak, as well as a good EAE model. After being isolated by Dynabeads, CD(4)(+) T cells showed high purification (> 99%) by staining with anti-CD(4) antibody. IL2 bioassay showed that those T cells were PLP(56 - 70)-specific T cells. ELISA showed that those T cells had high IFN-gamma/IL4 ratio, indicating that they are T helper 1 (Th1) cells.


PLP(56 - 70)-specific splenocytes and SCI CD(4)(+) T cells in EAE from Biozzi AB/H mice were detected and showed that both of them were PLP(56 - 70)-specific Th1 cells. It is beneficial to understand what kind of role these T cells play in the development of EAE.