Spinal Cord 2002 Sep;40(9):443-8 Related Articles, Books, LinkOut
Neurogenic bladder management and cutaneous non-continent ileal conduit.
Chartier-Kastler EJ, Mozer P, Denys P, Bitker MO, Haertig A, Richard F.
Department of Urology, Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital, University Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) Paris, France, and Department of Neurological Rehabilitation, Raymond Poincare Hospital, Universite Paris-Ouest, Garches, France.
Prospective monocentric follow-up study.
To assess the results of cutaneous non-continent diversion for neurogenic bladder management.
Department of Urology (Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital), Department of Neurological Rehabilitation (Raymond Poincare Hospital), Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Paris, University Paris VI and V.
We reviewed the charts of 33 consecutive patients (19 women, 14 men), operated between 1979 and 1999. Twenty-one patients had spinal cord injury (SCI), four had multiple sclerosis, three had various forms of myelitis and five had central neurological diseases. Diversion was indicated for upper urinary tract protection (17), perineal dryness (14) and/or functional or social reasons (20). Before the operation, 20 of the 33 patients (60.6%) presented urologic complications related to bladder management, including triggered micturition, indwelling catheter or intermittent catheterization: urethrocutaneous fistula (4), complicated enterocystoplasty (2), watering pot perineum and severe decubitus ulcerations (14). Ileal conduit (also named ileoureterostomy) was performed alone for 19 patients (57.6%), and in combination with simultaneous cystectomy in 14 patients. We reviewed patient outcome and early and late complications.
Mean follow-up was 48 months (1 to 20 years). All problems related to catheters or incontinence had resolved. There were no deaths or early re-operations. Twelve patients (12 out of 33, 36%) had one or more peri-operative complication, including ileus (1), uretero-ileal anastomosis leak (1) and sepsis (1). During follow-up, four of the 19 patients who did not undergo cystectomy developed pyocystitis (3 secondary cystectomies performed between 6 and 56 months). All patients achieved perineal dryness.
The ileal conduit procedure is a safe and well-tolerated procedure in neurologically impaired patients. This procedure is suitable for most neurogenic patients with refractory lower urinary tract dysfunctions.