More MS news articles for August 2002

Motor vehicle crashes and violations among drivers with multiple sclerosis

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=12161844&dopt=Abstract

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2002 Aug;83(8):1175-1178
Schultheis MT, Garay E, Millis SR, Deluca J.
Neuropsychology and Neuroscience Laboratory, Kessler Medical Rehabilitation Research and Education Corp, West Orange, NJ (Schultheis, Garay, Millis, DeLuca); and Departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Schultheis, Millis, DeLuca) and of Neuroscience (DeLuca), University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-NJ Medical School, Newark, NJ.

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate differences in the incidence of motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) and violations among drivers with multiple sclerosis (MS) when cognitive impairment is present.

DESIGN:

Archival evaluation of Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) records.

SETTING:

Medical rehabilitation research organization.

PARTICIPANTS:

Community-dwelling drivers, 27 subjects with documented MS (14 MS without cognitive impairment [MS-], 13 MS with cognitive impairment [MS+]) and 17 healthy control subjects, matched on age, sex, and driving experience.

INTERVENTIONS:

Not applicable.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Incidence of MVCs and motor vehicle violations as documented by DMV reports for the past 5 years.

RESULTS:

MS+ subjects showed a higher incidence of MVCs when compared with control and MS- subjects. No significant difference in the incidence of motor vehicle violations was observed between groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

The presence of cognitive impairment in drivers with MS can result in an increased risk of MVC involvement.

© Copyright 2002 by the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine and the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation