Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2002 Aug;83(8):1175-1178
Schultheis MT, Garay E, Millis SR, Deluca J.
Neuropsychology and Neuroscience Laboratory, Kessler Medical Rehabilitation Research and Education Corp, West Orange, NJ (Schultheis, Garay, Millis, DeLuca); and Departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Schultheis, Millis, DeLuca) and of Neuroscience (DeLuca), University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-NJ Medical School, Newark, NJ.
To investigate differences in the incidence of motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) and violations among drivers with multiple sclerosis (MS) when cognitive impairment is present.
Archival evaluation of Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) records.
Medical rehabilitation research organization.
Community-dwelling drivers, 27 subjects with documented MS (14 MS without cognitive impairment [MS-], 13 MS with cognitive impairment [MS+]) and 17 healthy control subjects, matched on age, sex, and driving experience.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:
Incidence of MVCs and motor vehicle violations as documented by DMV reports for the past 5 years.
MS+ subjects showed a higher incidence of MVCs when compared with control and MS- subjects. No significant difference in the incidence of motor vehicle violations was observed between groups.
The presence of cognitive impairment in drivers with MS can result in an increased risk of MVC involvement.
© Copyright 2002 by the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine and the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation