Br Med Bull 2002;62(1):175-86
Mettens P, Monteyne P.
GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals, Rixensart, Belgium.
Multiple immunotherapy approaches are under development to treat various chronic diseases or conditions.
Thanks to dramatic technological improvements, the field of vaccinology can now extend from prophylaxis to therapy, and from infectious diseases to dysimmune disorders like cancer or autoimmunity, or even to non-immune related conditions, including neurological or cardiovascular disorders.
Life-style vaccines defined as vaccines to manage chronic conditions in healthy individuals can, therefore, also be envisaged.
Three examples will be reviewed and discussed here, from both technical and ethical aspects: contraceptive vaccines, vaccines to treat addictions, and anti-dental caries vaccines.