More MS news articles for Aug 2001

Pupillary disturbances in multiple sclerosis: correlation with MRI findings.

J Neurol Sci 2001 Jul 15;188(1-2):37-41

de Seze J, Arndt C, Stojkovic T, Ayachi M, Gauvrit JY, Bughin M, Saint Michel T, Pruvo JP, Hache JC, Vermersch P
Department of Neurology, Hopital R. Salengro, CHRU de Lille, 59037 Cedex, Lille, France

Autonomic nervous system disturbances such as pupillary abnormalities have rarely been evaluated in multiple sclerosis (MS).

However, pupillary impairment is not uncommon in MS and its origin is still unclear.

The aim of this study was to investigate pupillary disturbances in MS and to try to correlate pupillary defects with spinal cord and brainstem magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings.

We prospectively studied 45 MS patients and 30 normal subjects.

Methods: The pupillary contraction latency and the amplitude of contraction were recorded by pupillometry.

We also determined afferent and efferent pathway defects by comparing the direct and consensual pupillary reflexes.

We evaluated brainstem and spinal cord demyelinating lesions and spinal cord cross-sectional area on MRI.

At least one pupillometric parameters were significantly impaired in 60% of patients and in none of the controls.

We did not find any correlation between pupillary defect and demyelinating lesions on MRI.

The most frequent abnormality was efferent pathway shift and this was correlated with spinal cord atrophy (P<0.02).

These results confirm that the autonomic nervous system, and especially pupillary function, is frequently impaired in MS.

The parasympathetic system is most commonly affected and this is most likely linked to axonal loss (demonstrated by spinal cord atrophy) rather than to demyelinating lesions.

PMID: 11489283, UI: 21382538