More MS news articles for Aug 2001

Intracellular cytokine profile in T-cell subsets of multiple sclerosis patients: different features in primary progressive disease.

Mult Scler 2001 Jun;7(3):145-50
Killestein J, Den Drijver BF, Van der Graaff WL, Uitdehaag BM, Polman CH, Van Lier RA.
Department of Neurology, VU Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


To evaluate the expression of cytokines in both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells derived from peripheral blood of untreated multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with either relapsing-remitting (RR), secondary progressive (SP) or primary progressive (PP) MS and healthy controls (HC).


MS is an immune-mediated disease and cytokines hove been hypothesized to contribute significantly to disease progression. Compared to the relapse-onset (RR, SP) form of the disease, PPMS patients have different clinical, immunological and pathological features. Surprisingly, the ability of their circulating T cells to produce immunoregulatory cytokines has not been extensively studied so far.


Seventy-two MS patients (24 RR, 26 SP, 22 PP) and 34 HC were studied. Stimulated peripheral blood derived CD4+ and CD8+ T MS patients express significantly more CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were analyzed for IFN-gamma, IL-2, TNF-alpha, IL-4, IL-10 and IL-13 production.


Cells producing IFN-gamma compared to HC. Compared to the other forms of the disease, PPMS patients display a significant decrease in CD4+ T cells producing IL-2, IL-13 and TNF-alpha and a significant increase in CD8+ T cells producing IL-4 and IL-10.


The data presented here demonstrate that patients with PPMS express less pro- and more anti-inflammatory cytokine producing T cells compared to the relapse-onset form of the disease, confirming the view on PPMS as a distinct disease entity.

PMID: 11475436 [PubMed - in process]