Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2003 Apr;84(4):467-76
Stuifbergen AK, Becker H, Blozis S, Timmerman G, Kullberg V.
University of Texas at Austin School of Nursing, Austin, TX (Stuifbergen, Becker, Timmerman, Kullberg); and University of California, Davis, CA (Blozis).
To examine the effects of a wellness intervention program for women with multiple sclerosis (MS) on health behaviors and quality of life (QOL).
Randomized clinical trial.
Community setting in the southwestern United States.
Convenience sample of 113 women with physician-confirmed MS (mean age, 45.79y).
The 2-phase intervention program included lifestyle-change classes for 8 weeks, then telephone follow-up for 3 months.
Participants were followed over an 8-month period.
Main Outcome Measures: A series of self-report instruments to measure barriers, resources, self-efficacy for health behaviors, health promotion behaviors, and health-related QOL were completed at baseline, 2 months (after the classes), 5 months (after telephone follow-up), and at 8 months.
Principal outcomes measures were health-promoting behaviors (scores on the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II) and QOL (scores on the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey [SF-36] scales).
Hierarchical linear modeling techniques revealed a statistically significant group by time effect for self-efficacy for health behaviors, health-promoting behaviors, and the mental health and pain scales of the SF-36.
These data provide initial support for the positive effects of wellness interventions to improve health behaviors and selected dimensions of QOL for women with MS.