J Emerg Med 2003 Apr;24(3):281-4
Davis DP, Marino A.
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego, San Diego, California, USA
Acute cerebellar ataxia (ACA) is an inflammatory CNS disease that is characterized by rapid onset of ataxia in a child under 6 years of age.
Symptoms typically occur in association with a relatively benign viral illness and have been reported after vaccination as well.
Immunological studies suggest that both involve autoimmune destruction of axon tracts, with pathological and radiographic evidence of a link with multiple sclerosis.
The emergency approach should be focused on excluding more significant illnesses, such as meningitis or an intracranial mass lesion.
Here we present a case of a young girl with ACA and review the relevant literature.