Eur Radiol 2002 Apr;12(4):789-92
Wiesner W, Wetzel SG, Kappos L, Hoshi MM, Witte U, Radue EW, Steinbrich W.
Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital of Basel, Petersgraben 4, 4031 Basel, Switzerland,
The purpose of this study was to evaluate if subjective symptoms indicating an impaired deglutition correlate with videofluoroscopic findings in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS).
Videofluoroscopic examinations of 18 MS patients were analyzed by a radiologist and a logopedist and compared with the symptoms of these patients.
Four patients complained about permanent dysphagia.
Six patients reported mild and intermittent difficulties in swallowing, but were asymptomatic at the time of videofluoroscopy.
Eight patients had no symptoms regarding their deglutition.
All patients ( n=4) who complained of permanent dysphagia showed aspiration.
All patients ( n=6) with mild and intermittent difficulties in swallowing showed undercoating of the epiglottis and/or laryngeal penetration.
Of those 8 patients without any swallowing symptoms, only 2 had a normal videofluoroscopy.
Swallowing abnormalities seem to be much more frequent in patients with MS than generally believed and they may easily be missed clinically as long as the patients do not aspirate.