More MS news articles for April 2002

Selective suppression of chemokine receptor CXCR3 expression by interferon-b 1a in multiple sclerosis

Sørensen TL[1]; Sellebjerg F[1]
[1] The MS Clinic, Department of Neurology, University of Copenhagen, Glostrup, DK-2600 Copenhagen, Denmark

We studied the expression of chemokine receptors CCR1, CCR2, CCR3, CCR5, and CXCR3 on CD4 and CD8 positive T cells, and on CD14 positive monocytes in blood from 10 patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) at initiation of interferon (IFN)-b treatment, after 1 month and after 3 months of treatment.

It was found that the expression of CXCR3 on CD4+ and CD8+ T cells was significantly reduced after 3 months of treatment.

The expression of other receptors was unaltered.

Since CXCR3 cells are enriched in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and are detected in lesion material in MS this may represent an important mode of action of interferon-b in MS.

© 2002 ingenta